Here’s a take a look at a few of the points associated to alcohol and Muslim beliefs.
WHAT DOES THE QURAN SAY ABOUT ALCOHOL?
Drinking alcohol is taken into account haram, or forbidden, in Islam. As proof of the prohibition, Islamic students and Muslim non secular authorities usually level to a verse within the Quran, the Muslim holy ebook, that calls intoxicants “the work of Satan” and tells believers to keep away from them. Additionally, they cite sayings of Prophet Muhammad and the detrimental results that alcohol can have.
Beyond abstaining from consuming, some Muslims additionally search non secular edicts on a wide range of associated day-to-day questions or dilemmas. These embrace whether or not or to not devour meals combined with alcohol; if it’s thought of a sin to work at a restaurant that serves alcohol in a Western nation; if perfumes containing alcohol are allowed; and whether or not to attend ceremonies or occasions the place booze is served.
MUSLIM ATTITUDES ON ALCOHOL
While the prohibition on alcohol in Islam is believed to be broadly heeded, not all Muslims abstain from consuming. Some drink, whether or not privately or publicly. In a Pew Research Center survey of Muslims across the globe, most individuals surveyed stated that consuming alcohol was morally flawed. More than half in all nations the place Muslims had been surveyed held this view, together with greater than nine-in-ten in Thailand, Ghana, Malaysia, the Palestinian territories, Indonesia, Niger and Pakistan, based on the Pew report, which was revealed in 2013 and included 38,000 interviews. Still, in 11 of the 37 nations the place this query was requested, at the least one-in-ten stated that consuming alcohol is morally acceptable and in some nations, sizable percentages stated consuming alcohol is just not an ethical subject, the report added.
HOW IS THE BAN ON ALCOHOL APPLIED?
Alcohol is offered in some Islamic nations although laws fluctuate broadly and there could be intricate guidelines and restrictions on its sale or the place it may be consumed. Some nations, like Saudi Arabia, outlaw alcohol altogether. Drinking there could be punished by flogging, fines, imprisonment and, for foreigners, deportation. The kingdom has in recent times been opening up leisure choices, which has spurred hypothesis about whether or not exceptions for alcohol consumption could also be made sooner or later.
Other locations have a extra relaxed strategy, akin to Dubai, a high journey vacation spot within the United Arab Emirates that’s recognized to many for its glitz and love for superlatives. Dubai boasts a wide range of bars, nightclubs and lounges that appeal to many guests and well-to-do expatriate residents. In latest years, the town has additionally been more and more loosening legal guidelines governing alcohol gross sales and possession of liquor. As in another locations, alcohol gross sales there present a profitable tax income supply.
Alcohol is bought freely in liquor shops in Jordan and served in bars and eating places all through the capital of Amman. It can be accessible in Muslim-majority Egypt, which is historically in style with vacationers and is house to a Christian minority. There, the younger and wealthy can sip on cocktails or wines in seashore golf equipment or bars, many with overseas names, whereas swaying to music. Wine, beer and spirits can be ordered on-line amongst different choices. Still, consuming is rejected by most; within the Pew examine, 79% of surveyed Muslims in Egypt stated they seen alcohol as morally flawed.
In dry nations, some have gone to nice lengths to acquire alcohol, at occasions risking arrest, or worse. In Saudi Arabia, house to Islam’s holiest websites, there have been studies of efforts to skirt the ban, together with liquor runs by some to neighboring Bahrain. Attempts to sneak booze into the dominion have over time included bottles of whisky hidden in socks and cans of beer disguised as Pepsi. Some endeavors, nonetheless, finish in tragedy. In 2002, 19 folks in Saudi Arabia died and others had been hospitalized after consuming cologne containing methanol. In Iran, some have additionally died from methanol poisoning after they drank poisonous do-it-yourself brews.
Qatar, which like Saudi Arabia follows an ultraconservative model of Islam often known as Wahhabism, has strict limits on the acquisition and consumption of alcohol, although its sale has been permitted in resort bars for years. During the World Cup, beer was initially imagined to be bought additionally at stadiums and at fan zones within the evenings. That modified Friday when it was introduced that solely non-alcoholic beer can be accessible on the stadiums, apart from within the luxurious hospitality areas the place champagne, wine, whiskey and different alcohol is served. The overwhelming majority of ticket holders don’t have entry to these areas.
The World Cup in Qatar is just not the primary to spur debate over whether or not alcohol gross sales ought to be allowed in matches. For the 2014 match, Brazil was compelled to alter a legislation to permit alcohol gross sales in stadiums — however the identical cultural points weren’t at play. Brazil had banned alcohol gross sales at soccer matches in a bid to curb fan violence. Some of those that had been pushing for the ban’s lifting stated on the time that in-stadium beer gross sales had been a key a part of World Cup custom.
Associated Press faith protection receives help by the AP’s collaboration with The Conversation US, with funding from Lilly Endowment Inc. The AP is solely liable for this content material.