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Qatar 2022: Why are individuals protesting in regards to the World Cup host?

One and a half million followers from all around the world are anticipated to go to Qatar to look at the World Cup finals, which begin on 20 November.

But the Gulf state, which follows strict Muslim legal guidelines, is receiving an growing variety of complaints about its stance on same-sex relationships.

What is Qatar’s stance on homosexual rights?

Homosexual acts are unlawful in Qatar as a result of they’re thought of to be immoral below Islamic Sharia legislation.

Punishments embrace fines, jail sentences of as much as seven years – and even loss of life.

Qatar’s World Cup organisers state “everyone is welcome” to go to the nation to look at the soccer matches and claims nobody might be discriminated towards.

However, Qatar 2022 chief govt, Nasser al Khater, says the federal government is not going to change its legal guidelines on homosexuality and has requested guests to “respect our culture”.

He has stated that in Qatar any public shows of affection between {couples} – whether or not homosexual or straight – are frowned upon.

Human Rights Watch has just lately launched a reportexternal-link saying that Qatari safety forces are persevering with to arrest residents who’re homosexual, lesbian, and transgender, generally forcing them to bear conversion remedy.

Qatar’s authorities has stated the report comprises false allegations.

Life in Qatar: 85% foreign workers' 24.7% population female (lowest in the world); 99.2% live in a city; hereditary monarchy; controls 13% of global oil reserves; GDP per capital (2020), $50,124; same-sex relationships are illegal; alcohol restricted in public places; strict laws on public behaviour.

How have individuals been protesting?

Australia’s soccer squad has launched a video urging Qatar to abolish its legal guidelines on same-sex relationships.

In the video, the squad additionally criticises Qatari employers for his or her therapy of an estimated 30,000 migrant staff who’ve been constructing services for the World Cup finals.

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Many staff are stated to have died or been injured due to poor well being and security measures on constructing websites.

Denmark’s soccer gamers say they are going to put on a “toned-down” all-black equipment to protest towards Qatar’s human rights’ document.

England’s captain Harry Kane, together with the captains of 9 different groups from Europe, will put on ‘One Love’ armbands to protest towards Qatar’s anti-homosexuality legal guidelines.

Harry Kane wears "One Love" captain's armband
England captain Harry Kane says he’ll put on the rainbow-coloured ‘One Love’ armband in Qatar 2022 matches

Paris, and different French cities, are refusing to display screen World Cup matches in public areas, regardless of France being the defending champions.

British LGBT rights campaigner Peter Tatchell says he was “arrested and detained on the kerbside” whereas protesting in Qatar’s capital, Doha.

The Qatari authorities has stated claims of an arrest are “completely false”.

Why was Qatar chosen because the World Cup host?

In 2010, Qatar clinched the rights to the World Cup after profitable a poll of Fifa’s 22 govt members. It defeated bids from the US, South Korea, Japan and Australia.

It is the primary Arab nation to host the match.

Qatar was accused of paying Fifa officers £3m ($3.7m) in bribes to safe their backing, however was cleared after a two-year investigation.

At the time, Fifa’s then-chairman, Sepp Blatter, supported Qatar’s bid, however has since stated the organisation might have made the incorrect choice.

What can World Cup followers count on in Qatar?

Qatar, which has a inhabitants of two.9 million, is likely one of the world’s wealthiest international locations thanks to grease and fuel exports.

It has constructed seven stadiums particularly for the match.

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More than 100 new resorts, a brand new metro and new roads are additionally being constructed.

Graphic showing fans' accommodation in Qatar: 60,000 rooms in apartments and villas, 50,000 rooms in hotels, 9,000 beds in fan villages and 4,000 rooms on cruise ships

As a conservative Muslim nation, ingesting in Qatar is generally restricted to bars in luxurious resorts. A pint of beer can price £10 ($13).

World Cup organisers say that throughout the finals, alcohol might be served “in select areas within stadiums”, for 3 hours earlier than matches and for one hour afterwards.

Alcoholic drinks may also be accessible in a 40,000-capacity fan zone in Doha, and there might be zones the place drunken followers can go to sober up.

Why is the World Cup not happening in summer time, as traditional?

The World Cup finals are being held between 20 November and 18 December – when the temperature in Qatar is normally round 25C (77F).

Had the finals been held in June and July, as they usually are, the matches would have been performed in temperatures exceeding 40C and probably reaching 50C.

Qatar initially proposed to host the finals throughout the summer time in air-conditioned enclosed stadiums, however the plan was rejected.

Chart showing the average monthly temperature in Doha, Qatar

What’s troublesome about holding the World Cup later within the 12 months?

November and December are busy months for European soccer golf equipment. Many main gamers might be known as as much as play for his or her international locations at Qatar 2022.

European leagues together with England’s Premier League, Italy’s Serie A and Spain’s La Liga are suspending their seasons per week forward of the worldwide match.

Matches will restart after the competitors has completed.

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